New Public Management (NPM) is an emerging field of discussion largely about policy interventions within executive government where the characteristic instruments of such policy interventions are institutional rules and organizational routines affecting expenditure planning and financial management, public service and labour relations, procurement, organization and methods and audit and evaluation.
These instruments exercise substantial and pervasive influence the spectrum of decisions made within government. While they don’t determine the scope or programmatic content of governmental activity, these government-wide institutional rules and organizational routines have an impact on government agencies’ management, operations and oversight. They structure that part of the governmental process that is inadequately described as public management.
One of the emblematic features of NPM has come to be Alternative Service Delivery.